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Csun PSY 150

If I am no longer teaching at CSUN, you must contact my supervisor(s), Dr. Gabriela Chavira at gchavira@csun.eduor Gidget Brogdon at gidget.brogdon.982@csun.eduand put on the email subject line: PSY 150 Research Requirement Completion. Include your name, my name, and the term you were enrolled in PSY 150 Welcome to Introduction to Psychology. This is an introductory course that will cover the fundamentals of psychology and the various areas within psychology. Many aspects of psychology are applicable to everyday life; such as, stress, learning, memory, motivation, and mental health to name a few PSY 150 INTRO PSYCH - (12273-SP2021) Welcome to PSY 150! Hey everyone! Welcome to Intro to Psychology (PSY 150). I am very excited for the semester to begin, and I want to make sure that you are ready to tackle the exciting subject that is psychology. You can find the syllabus HERE, which details everything you need to know about the course

Psy 150 Intro Psych - (12225-sp2021

Psy 150 Intro Psych - (12675-sp2021

  1. LearningCurve 1b) Psychology Then and Now Assignment. LearningCurve 1b) Psychology Then and Now. LearningCurve 1b) Psychology Then and Now 10 3. assignment 3159938 1. Score at least Must score at least to complete this module item Scored at least Module item has been completed by scoring at least View Must view in order to complete this module.
  2. ed
  3. Psychology. Course: PSY 250. Physiological Correlates Human Behavior (3) Prerequisites: PSY 150; Passing grade in AAS, AFRS, CHS, or ENGL 098 or eligibility for the lower division writing requirement. Designed for students majoring in Psychology. Development of a greater understanding of the relationship between human behavior and human.

PSY 150 Course Overview. Course description. Psychology 150, Principles of Human Behavior, is designed to give students an understanding and appreciation of the scientific approach to human behavior, thought and action, and to provide the basic conceptual framework for studying the cognitive, emotional, and social aspects of human activity Prerequisites: CADV 150 or PSY 150; completion of the lower division writing requirement. Corequisite for Psychology majors only: PSY 301. This course examines developmental changes in the middle childhood years (7-12 years). Emphasis is on current research and major theories associated with middle childhood development

Psy 150 Intro Psych - (12273-sp2021

  1. View PSY 150 Research Paper.docx from PSYCHOLOGY 150 at California State University, Northridge. A Journey Through Psychology Amanda Thlick Professor Jin Psychology 150 November 15, 2017 Psycholog
  2. California State University, Northridge 18111 Nordhoff Street, Northridge, CA 91330 Phone: (818) 677-1200 | Contact Us www.csun.edu Emergency Information California State University Terms and Conditions for Use (pdf) University Policies & Procedures Document Reade
  3. PSY 150: Writing Assignment #1 Writing is a process of communication between a writer and an audience. To become a better writer, requires practice and feedback. The writing assignments in this course will offer both. They will also: (1) give you practice working with the major themes in the course, (2) prepare you for the tests and (3) provid
  4. g atta
  5. Nancy Blum, Ph.D. - PSY 150 Principles of Human Behavior Study Guide Final Exam Chapters 12 - 14 + Chapter 12 - Psychological Disorders Explaining psychological disorders Neurobiological model Psychological / psychodynamic model Humanistic / phenomenological mode
  6. PSY 150 Chapter 1: Psy 150 - Textbook Notes - Chapter 1- The Science of Psychology. CSUN. Department. Psychology. Course. PSY 150. Professor. Gidget Brogdon. Like. For unlimited access to Textbook Notes, a Class+ subscription is required. Scanned by CamScanner. Unlock document. This preview shows pages 1-2 of the document

Studying PSY 150 Introduction to Psychology at California State University Northridge? On StuDocu you find all the lecture notes, study guides and practice materials for this cours Psy 150 lecture 11 love and personality. Who are you attracted to: physical attractiveness, proximity (closeness, similarity or complementary, reciprocity of liking. What is personality: your characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling and acting

Course Modules: PSY 150 INTRO PSYCH - (12225-SP2021

Study California State University - Northridge Psychology 150 flashcards and notes. Conquer your course and sign up for free today Textbook Notes: PSY 150 by Gidget Brogdon, CSUN. 4 Results. About CSUN. For unlimited access to Textbook Notes, a Class+ subscription is required. CSUN. PSY 150 Chapter 1: Psy 150 - Textbook Notes - Chapter 1- The Science of Psychology. OC1990405. 11 Sep 2017. 7 171 Download this PSY 150 study guide to get exam ready in less time! Study guide uploaded on Nov 29, 2016. 40 Page(s) Browse 500 psy 150 classes. PSY 150-Green 03A. 1 set 1 member California State University, Northridge · Los Angeles, CA. Psy 150 Professor Blum. 3 sets 1 member Wake Tech · Raleigh, NC. Psy 150. 13 sets 1 member Wake Tech · Raleigh, NC. PSY 150. 1 set 1 member Nash CC · Rocky Mount, NC. PSY 150- NCC Spring 2017. 3 sets 1 member Wake. PSY 150 Test 3 Study Guide. STUDY. PLAY. Memory Encoding. The processing of information so that it can be stored. Long-term Storage. A memory storage system that allows relatively permanent storage, probably of an unlimited amount of information. Sensory Storage. A memory storage system that very briefly holds a vast amount of information from.

Courses - Psychology5 Easy GE Classes To Take In CSUN - OneClass Blog

Lecture Notes for Psychology 15

Participant Info (Psy 150250) California State

PSYCH-150 Introduction to Biological Psychology. 3 Units: 54 hours of lecture, per term, LR, DG, CSU, UC (C-ID: PSY 150) Prerequisite: PSYCH-220 or equivalent. Advisory: College level reading and writing skills. This course introduces scientific study of the biological bases of behavior and its fundamental role in neurosciences Survey course introducing modern psychology by presenting scientific and humanistic interpre-tations of the human mind and behavior. Topics to be covered are: biological bases of behavior, perception, learning, personality and social influences. Acceptable for credit: UCLA: Psychology 10; CSUN: Psychology 150 It is required for psychology majors. (C-ID PSY 150) Lecture Hours: 3 Lab Hours: None Repeatable: No Grading: L. Prerequisite: PSYCH 001 with C or better. Advisory Level: Read: 3 Write: 3 Math: None. Transfer Status: CSU/UC Degree Applicable: AA/AS CSU GE: B2, D IGETC: 5B District GE: B2, Transfer acceptability: CSU; UC C-ID PSY 150 An examination of the biological basis of behavior. Topics to be covered include neuroanatomy, neurophysiology, psychoactive drug use and addiction, endocrinology, encephalic evolution, learning and memory, sexual behavior, sleep processes and neuropsychological disorders

Course Modules: PSY 150 INTRO PSYCH - (12675-SP2021

(3 units) UC:CSU IGETC Area 4I (C-ID PSY 110) (UC Credit Limit: Psychology 001 and 006 combined, maximum credit one course) LECTURE, 3 HOURS. This course introduces the scientific study of human behavior and experience, including research methods in psychology, the biological basis of behavior, learning and memory, motivation, theories of personality, psychological disorders and their. Transfers to both UC/CSU C-ID: PSY 150. PSYCH-006; Research Methods in Psychology; Credit(s) 3 Research Methods in Psychology PSYCH 006 surveys various psychological research methods with an emphasis on research design, experimental procedures, descriptive methods, instrumentation, and the collection, analysis, interpretation, and reporting of.

Transfer Credit: CSU, UC, USC. (C-ID PSY 150) PSYCH 104 Social Psychology. 104 SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY 3.0 Units PSYCH 104 considers individual human behavior in relation to the social environment. The power of the situation, other individuals, and the social group are examined. Emphasized topics include: aggression, prejudice and stereotypes. Function of the endocrine system. Intended primarily for psychology majors as part of the lower-division pre-major pattern. Also useful for students in allied health fields. Transfer Information: CSUGE Area B2, IGETC Area 5B, CSU Transferable, UC Transferable. C-ID: PSY 150

For some problems we may not know the algorithm • Algorithms don ' t exist for all kinds of problems -Heuristics - problem solving strategies that seem reasonable given ones experience, especially with similar problems • This strategy does not guarantee a correct solution • Maybe a quicker solution to the problem • Examples:-Anchoring and adjusting - putting most importance in the. Study California State University - Northridge Psychology flashcards and notes. Sign up for free today and conquer your course (C-ID PSY 150) (CSU, UC) PSYC 0140L. Biopsychology Laboratory. Unit: 1 Formerly known as PSYC 40L Corequisite: Completion with grade of C or better or concurrent enrollment in PSYC 140 Hours: 54 laboratory This course focuses on the applied study of the nervous system and its connection to behavior. Specific topics include organization of the. Mickey Rat has just been reinforced for a bar press after being trained on a 60 second scale. He waits for 50 seconds and presses the bar with no reinforcement. 60 seconds later he presses it again and is reinforced. 12 seconds later, he presses again and is given nothing California State University-Northridge was a campus full of endless opportunities. The campus was welcoming and the staff approachable. In my department, I was able to have a close engagement with classmates. The classroom size ranged from 30-150 students

Courses - Psychology - California State University, Northridg

  1. CSU Northridge University Library 18111 Nordhoff Street Northridge, CA 91330 Phone: (818) 677-2285 Contact U
  2. istration & Management (684 degrees), and Sociology (539 degrees)
  3. This course is an introduction to the scientific study of behavior. Topics include an exploration of major psychological theories and concepts, research methodology, memory, motivation, emotion, personality, intelligence, psychobiology, perception, cognition and consciousness, learning, development, social psychology, psychological disorders and therapeutic approaches, and applied psychology
  4. Psychology is both a natural and a social science concerned with the study of human behavior, thoughts, and emotions. As such, it is a broad discipline, which involves both pure science and practical application of science to matters of daily living
  5. 18111 Nordhoff St . Northridge, CA 91330-0001 . www.csun.edu . Admission Offic

PSY 250. Physiological Correlates Human Behavior (3

  1. PSY 150 Transferable: CSU, UC, and private colleges; IGETC 5.B; CSU GE B.2; BC GE B.1 PSYC B5 Elementary Statistics for the Behavioral and Social Sciences 4 units Prerequisites: BC placement into math level 04 or successful completion of MATH B65 or B70 or equivalent with a grade of C o
  2. ed by the SBVC assessment process. This course is an integrative survey of theory and research in abnormal behavior. The scientific study of psychopathology and atypical behaviors is explored
  3. 118, 120, 130A, 150, 193 CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY C erritos C ollege GENERAL EDUCATION CERTIFICATION Counseling AA DEGREE REQUIREMENTS 2020-2021 •PLAN B is designed primarily for students who intend to transfer to the California State University (CSU). A student may use PLAN B to fulfill the CSU General Educatio
  4. Psychology is the empirical study of behavior, emotion and mental processes. In pursuing the Associate in Arts in Psychology for Transfer degree, students acquire skills in research, information gathering, and analytic thinking. Students majoring in psychology develop critical thinking, problem solving and written and verbal communication skills
  5. California State University campus. The campus you will be admitted to depends on several factors, such as the location of your community college, the program of study that a student intends to follow, and a student's competitiveness for admission. MATH 227 MATH 110 PSYCH 002 PSY 150 STAT 001 MATH 110 & SOCI 125 PSYCH 010 PSY 20
  6. † PSYCH 6 Physiological Found of Psychology PSY 150 3 Subtotal Units 3 IN ADDITION, Complete 1 Course from LIST B: LIST B PSYCH 11 Social Psychology PSY 170 D 4 3 Subtotal Units 3 IN ADDITION, complete 1 Course from LIST C: Psychology Major 20** Psychology Major 20** CSU-GE Breadth 39 IGETC Pattern 3
  7. The field of psychology addresses the scientific study of behavior and mental processes of humans and animals. Learning more about human behavior through scientific research methods is the focus of many psychologists, while other psychologists apply principles of psychology in areas such as psychotherapy, applied behavioral analysis, and industrial/organizational psychology

PSY 150 Course Overview - CSU

Courses - California State University, Northridg

Transfer Credit: CSU; UC. Fundamentals of human psychology. Using a scientific approach to the study of human behavior, this course examines and integrates physiological, intrapsychic and social/behavioral perspectives on human thought and behavior. Major units include biological bases of behavior, sensation, perception, motivation, learning. The Associate in Arts in Kinesiology for Transfer is designed to provide students preparing to transfer with the foundation to complete a Bachelor's Degree in Kinesiology.Students will be able to pursue careers in teaching, coaching, physical therapy, athletic training, and adaptive physical education. The Associate in Arts in Kinesiology for Transfer (AA-T) Degree is intended to meet the. An in-depth examination of current research and theory in cognition. Topics include attention, memory models, language, problem solving, creativity, reasoning, decision making, human and artificial intelligence, and cognitive development. 3 hours lecture. (007903) PSYC 341. Cross-Cultural Psychology

PSY 150 Research Paper - A Journey Through Psychology

  1. es the roles played by biological and sociocultural factors that affect behavior and mental processes
  2. PSYC 1A Introduction to Psychology. 3 Units (Degree Applicable, CSU, UC, C-ID #: PSY 110) Lecture: 54 Prerequisite: Eligibility for ENGL 1A Advisory: Eligibility for READ 100 or completion of AMLA 33R. Psychological approaches to the study of behavior and mental processes. Topics include the history of psychology, psychological research methods, biological psychology, sensation and perception.
  3. Transfers to both UC/CSU C-ID: PSY 150. PSYCH-006; Research Methods in Psychology; Credit(s) 3 Research Methods in Psychology PSYCH 006 surveys various psychological research methods with an emphasis on research design, experimental procedures, descriptive methods, instrumentation, and the collection, analysis, interpretation, and reporting of.
  4. 150 Clinical Psychology. Aug 1987 - Present 32 years 9 months. Tratatmiento y evaluacion. Private Practice CSUN. CSUN Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) Psychology. 1976 - 1979. Languages. Inglés

The California State University Board of Trustees is looking to expand access to mental health resources across the 23-campus system. On the agenda for the Jan. 26 meeting, the Committee on Governmental Relations is urging the BOT to vote in favor of appropriating funds from Proposition 63. This legislation establishes the College Mental Health Services Program, which.. CSUN Alumni, Northridge, California. 3,329 likes · 34 talking about this · 150 were here. This is the official Facebook page of the CSUN Alumni Association

PSY 310. Abnormal Psychology (3) - CSUN University Catalo

CSU General Education 1. CSU GE THIS DOCUMENT IS SUBJECT TO CHANGE. May, 2009 Diablo Valley College CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY GENERAL EDUCATION (GE) BREADTH REQUIREMENTS EFFECTIVE FALL, 2009 THROUGH SUMMER, 2010 Upon completion of this pattern of courses, DVC will certify that a student's lower division general education requirements are completed for any of the 23 campuses within the CSU. MATADOR MILESTONES. Bruce Lemmerman '69 (Physical Education) and his wife, Brigitte, are celebrating their 50th anniversary in September 2020.. Marlene Leone '72 (English), M.A. '79 (Educational Psychology) and Nicholas Leone Jr. '74 (Art) celebrated their 50th anniversary in March, having married while still students at CSUN. They have been retired for 10 years, after spending a. CSUN psychology professor, George Lough, Ph.D., believes that the way in which people are approaching depression is changing. The stigma around seeing a psychologist or psychiatrist and, if necessary, taking medication, is decreasing as people become more aware of the value of psychotherapy and the significant positive healing effects a.

The Psychology curriculum at Santa Barbara City College is designed to provide students with courses needed to prepare for transfer as a Psychology major, to offer courses which are a valuable part of general education, to provide support and ancillary skills for many professions that deal with humans, and to offer studies which are meant to be. Psychology (2 or 3 semesters) PSY 100 and PSY 260 or PSY 320: Mathematics: College Algebra: English Composition (2 semesters) CO 150 and CO 300/301 or JTC 300/01: Statistics (1 semester) EHRS 307, STAT 301, or STAT 307: Highly recommended: BMS 325, CO 300/301, HES 207, HES 307, HES 403, SPCM 20 Barroso, who earned an associate degree from Oxnard College, earned a bachelor's from CSUN and then a master's in psychology from Antioch University in Santa Barbara. Jacquil Constant '02 (Radio-Television-Film, pictured at left) is the founder and executive director of the Haitian International Film Festival, which went virtual this year.

PSY 110 - Introductory Psychology 3 PSY 200 - Introduction to Research Methods in Psychology 3 LIST A 3-4 Introduction to Biology 3-4 LIST B: Choose 1 course 3-4 Human Biology PSY 150 - Introduction to Biological Psychology (3) Any course articulated as lower division preparation for the Psychology major at a CSU The collection is growing to include 75,000 pages of text and 150 hours of video that give voice to the countless victims of human rights crimes in the 20th and early 21st centuries. Kanopy. Kanopy offers a number of videos that may be viewed online, through an app, or using Roku or Apple TV All California State Universities have a graduation requirement in U.S. History, Constitution, and American Ideals. Althoughthis is not a transfer requirement it is recommended students take it prior to transfer to a CSU. Courses used to meet this requirement may also be used to meet 6 of the 9 units required in Are

*Note: History 120, 121, 150, or 152 and Political Science 120 may double-count for Area D and the CSU graduation requirements. AREA E. LIFELONG LEARNING AND SELF-DEVELOPMENT ( 3 unit minimum) E1 Ursula has been teaching NR150-Oceanography at CSU since the Fall 2011. Starting Spring 2018, she is offering NR150-Oceanography as a CSU-online course, in addition to her on-campus oceanography course. Ursula's research is in paleoceanography with emphasis on abrupt climate changes. The ocean and climate are a coupled system, and the ocean. Students must have a C or better in each of the following courses: PSY 100, PSY 192, PSY 210, PSY 250, PSY 252, PSY 350, PSY 493, and the three lecture-lab pairs in psychology. Maximum of 12 credits allowed toward graduation for any combination of PSY 295 , PSY 296 , PSY 384 , PSY 484 , PSY 486 , PSY 487 , PSY 488 , PSY 495A - PSY 495F , PSY. California State University campus. The campus you will be admitted to depends on several factors, such as the location of your community college, the program of study that a student intends to follow, and a student's competitiveness for admission. MATH 227 MATH 110 PSYCH 002 PSY 150 STAT 001 MATH 110 & SOCI 125 PSYCH 010 PSY 20

csun psychology Flashcards and Study Sets Quizle

While the above course(s) are recommended, students may take any of the following courses to fulfill this requirement: MATH 130/H, MATH 150, MATH 160, MATH 170, MATH 180, MATH190/H, PSY 190. MATH 150 - Survey of Mathematics (3.0 units CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY (CSU) General Education Advising Form 2020-2021. PSY 132, 134, 140, 150, 180, 220; SOC 125 This area can be certified with a DD214 or military transcript. See catalog or Counselor for additional information Psychology at a CSU campus. Students completing an A.A.-T degree are guaranteed admission to the CSU system, but not to a particular campus or major. Students transferring to a CSU campus that does accept the A.A.-T will be required to complete no more than 60 units after transfer to earn a bachelor's degree. This degree also prepares. Students may be eligible for transfer to California State Universities, with junior standing, upon completion of 60 transferable semester units with a grade point average of 2.0 () or better. This information is based on the 20-21 Mesa

General Education 2020-2021. The courses listed below will fulfill the lower division general education requirements for all CSU campuses. Students are eligible for upper division admission with completion of 60 CSU transferable units that include: A minimum of 30 lower division units of general education courses with grades of C- or better The following specific lower-division courses: BIOL 212/PSY 212 , COMM 101 , COMM 211/LIB 211 , COMM 225, COMP 101 , COMP 102 , COMP 110 /LS 110 , ECS 101 , ECS 150/PSY 150 , EDUC 101 , GEOL 121 , GLST 200 , LS 200 , PA 101 , PA 202 , PAMU 200 , PATH 281 , PSY 100, UNIV 198 , UNIV 29 Prerequisite(s): PSY 1, MATH 18 Recommended Prep: SOC 2 and Reading Level IV; English Level IV; Math Level III Transfer Status: CSU/UC 51 hours Lecture This course surveys various research methods with an emphasis on research design, experimental procedures, instrumentation, and the collection, analysis, interpretation, and reporting of research data CSU Major(s): Psychology. Total Units: 18 (all units are minimum semester units) In the four columns to the right under the College Program Requirements, enter the college's course identifier, title and the number of units comparable to the course indicated for the TMC. If the course may be double-counted with either CSU-GE or IGETC, enter. The Psychology program at Sacramento State is highly sought after and the undergraduate major is officially impacted. Students wishing to become Psychology majors must meet eligibility requirements before applying for admission to the program. It is highly recommended that interested students speak with a Psychology advisor as soon as possible

Version: February 2021 Page 1 of 7 CDHE 1600 Broadway, Suite 2200, Denver, CO 80202 P 303.862.3001 highered.colorado.gov You can earn college credit for the CLEP exams listed in this table on which you score a 50 or higher Students, both undergraduate and graduate, majoring in science, math and psychology are being asked to participate in a survey in order to: 1) evaluate your use of programs, services and opportunities for students in these majors; 2) understand the relationship between social and program support you receive and future academic and career plans; and 3) learn more about the students who major in. Wed. 3 p.m.- 7 p.m.Thurs. 1 p.m.- 5 p.m. BC 351 Principles of Biochemistry. BMS 200 Concepts in Human Anatomy and Physiology. BMS 300 Principles of Human Physiology. BMS 305 Domestic Animal Gross Anatomy. BZ 220 Intro to Evolution. BZ 310 Cell Biology. BZ 350 Molecular and General Genetics. CHEM 111 General Chemistry I CO 150 College Composition (GT-CO2) Credits: 3 (3-0-0) Course Description: Understanding and writing for rhetorical situations; critical reading and response; writing source-based argument for academic and public audiences. Prerequisite: CO 130. Registration Information: Must have taken CO 130 or Composition Challenge Essay (score of 3, 4, or 5) or SAT Verbal/Critical reading score of minimum.

Psychology *150, CL245 Reading 101 Sociology *110, *120 Women's and ender Studies CL103, *CL108, *CL205 AREA F: At the time of catalog publication, Cerritos College does not have courses approved for Area F, the CSU Ethnic Studies general education requirement. Please see a counselor for any updates and your options for satisfying this. *Attention: For those applying for Fall 2021 admissions, the prerequisite courses will not be required* (including COUN 690) We highly recommended you take these courses as the material is the foundation for first year counseling courses. If your undergrad degree did not cover the material listed; we urge you to take these courses before starting the program All CSU upper-division transfer students applying to non-impacted programs or the Business, Kinesiology and or Psychology majors who met CSU eligibility were admitted. Transfer students within our service area (Monterey, San Benito, and Santa Cruz counties) who applied to impacted programs were required to meet fewer additional courses than non.

PSY 150 Chapter 1: Psy 150 - Textbook Notes - Chapter 1

The Associate in Arts in Sociology for Transfer (AA-T) Degree is intended to meet the lower division requirements for sociology majors (or similar majors) at a CSU campus that offers a sociology baccalaureate degree.. This degree is designed to give foundational knowledge in the field of Sociology for students looking to transfer, or for those who want a broad understanding of sociology and. Applicants must apply during the CSU initial filing period (October 1 - December 15 for Fall admission). Refer to current application deadlines to see if CSULB is open to applications for a specific term and the deadline to apply. To apply to CSULB, visit Cal State Apply.Once submitted, we will send you a notification by email to acknowledge receipt of your application CSU Fullerton PSYC 431 or PSY 331 PSYC 361 & 103 (must be taken together) PSYC 341 CSU Long Beach PSY 356 PSY 370 CSU Monterey Bay PSY 340 PSY 320 CSU Northridge **PSY 200 or PSY 313 **PSY 310 CSU Sacramento PSYC 130 PSYC 168 CSU San Bernardino PSYC 385 PSYC 201 PSYC 390 CSU Stanislaus PSYC 3320 (online) PSYC (3140 & 3240) PSYC 3350 Cuyamaca.

Erica Wohldmann | California State University, Northridge

PSY 150 Introduction to Psychology - CSUN - StuDoc

POLS 100, *POLS 102, POLS 104, POLS 106, POLS 108, POLS 110, PSY 101, PSY 142, PSY 202, PSY/SOC 206, PSY 208, PSY 211, SOC 101, SOC 102, SOC 150 Other College (Course/Institution): AP/CLEP/IB: To obtain a bachelor's degree from any of the California State University campuses, students are required to complete Psychology 101 Notes Pdf Courses › Discover The Best Online Courses www.easy-online-courses.com Courses. Posted: (3 days ago) Lecture Notes for Psychology 150 › Search The Best Online Courses at www.csun.edu. Courses.Posted: (5 days ago) Psychology 150 Lecture Notes.Dr. Howard Lee. Students are reminded that these notes are provided without warranty or claims of it being correct